CMC Newsletter April 2011

Cluster munitions are safely destroyed at an event in Hungary, read the full story in the Campaign and Country Updates section below. Photo credit: Katherine Harrison


Thailand uses cluster bombs in Thai-Cambodia border conflict

On 6 April the Cluster Munition Coalition confirmed that Thailand used cluster munitions in Cambodia during the February border conflict. This news came following on-site investigations by two CMC members – the Cambodian Campaign to Ban Landmines and Cluster Bombs and Norwegian People’s Aid - to affected areas in Cambodia, Five affected areas in Svay Chrum Village, Sen Chey Village and around the Preah Vihear temple hill were visited and M42/M46 and M85 type submunitions were found. Campaigners in Cambodia met with four men who had been injured as a result of unexploded submunitions. A further three were injured and two were killed as a result of unexploded cluster submunitions. This is the first use of cluster munitions anywhere in the world since the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions entered into force and became binding international law. Neither Thailand nor Cambodia has joined the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The CMC called on both countries, which stockpile the weapon, to commit to stop using the weapons and accede to the Convention.

In a meeting the CMC had with the Thai ambassador to the United Nations in Geneva on 5 April, Thailand admitted to using Dual-Purpose Improved Conventional Munitions (DPICM). However in the media storm that followed, Thailand asserted that it does not classify these weapons as cluster munitions despite the DPICM being the classic example of a cluster munition.

In its press release the Cluster Munition Coalition condemned the use of cluster munitions and called on both Thailand and Cambodia to accede to the Convention. Statements condemning the use were also issued by H.E Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith, President of the First Meeting of States Parties and Lao PDR’s Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister; and from the Norwegian Minister of Foreign Affairs Jonas Gahr Støre.

CMC press release: CMC condemns Thai use of cluster munitions in Cambodia (6 April):

Libyan forces use cluster bombs in Misrata

On 15 April, The New York Times and CMC member Human Rights Watch confirmed that Colonel Gaddafi’s forces had used cluster munitions in residential areas of the Libyan city of Misrata.

The cluster munition used was a Spanish-produced MAT-120 120mm mortar projectile, which opens in mid-air and releases 21 submunitions over a wide area. The Cluster Munition Coalition has written to the government of Spain requesting information on the sale of cluster bombs to Libya and other countries prior to its signature and ratification to the Convention and calling on Spain to condemn Libya’s use of these cluster munitions and for information on all past transfers of cluster munitions. A spokesperson for the Gaddafi regime denied the use of cluster munitions despite irrefutable evidence to the contrary.

This incident of use sparked a significant media interest around the world securing spots for the headline story in many media outlets. Austria’s Foreign Minister condemned the use of cluster bombs by Gaddafi’s forces, as did others including representatives of the EU and the UN Commission on Human Rights. Most notably United States Secretary of State Hilary Clinton described the use of cluster bombs by Libya as ‘worrying’ even though the USA is yet to sign onto the ban itself. A selection of this media coverage can be found below in the media update section and a report of statements on the use of cluster munitions in Libya is available upon request.

CMC press release: Cluster Munition Coalition condemns use of cluster munitions by Libyan armed forces:

Bulgaria and Costa Rica ratify cluster bomb treaty

The Republic of Bulgaria and the Republic of Costa Rica ratified the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions on 6 and 28 April 2011 respectively, becoming the 56th and 57th States Parties to the Convention.

Bulgaria and Costa Rica both signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Oslo, Norway, on 3 December 2008 and both played an active role in the Oslo Process. Costa Rica hosted a regional conference in San José in September 2007. During the Dublin negotiations, Costa Rica worked hard to achieve a comprehensive and strong treaty text, particularly on victim assistance.  In September 2008, Bulgaria hosted the Sofia Regional Conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions, attended by eleven states from the region. This was the first in a series of regional meetings held to build support for the treaty ahead of the Oslo Signing Conference.

In February 2008—prior to the adoption of the convention—Bulgaria announced a unilateral moratorium on the use of cluster munitions. Bulgaria has never used or produced cluster munitions, but possesses a stockpile of the weapon.  Costa Rica has never used, produced, or stockpiled the weapon.

Twenty out of 27 EU members have signed the Convention, and Bulgaria is the 15th member state to ratify it. Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Italy and Sweden have signed but not yet ratified. In July 2010, the European Parliament passed a resolution welcoming entry into force of the Convention and urging all EU members to ratify or accede to the treaty “as a matter of urgency.” Estonia, Finland, Greece, Latvia, Poland, Romania and Slovakia are the only EU states that still need to join.

In the Americas, 19 countries have signed the Convention and 9 Latin American countries have ratified (Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama and Uruguay). All Central American States are now party to the Convention on Cluster Munitions except Belize, which needs to accede, and Honduras, which has signed but not yet ratified. Brazil, the only remaining producer of cluster bombs in the region, and Argentina, a former producer and stockpiler, have yet to sign the Convention.

Bulgaria and Costa Rica will formally become States Parties on 1 October 2011, after the waiting period mandated by the Convention.

For further information on Bulgaria visit:
For further information on Costa Rica visit: 

CMC promotes cluster bomb ban at the Inter-Parliamentary Union

The CMC promoted the Convention on Cluster Munitions at the 124th General Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) from Friday 15 April – Wednesday 20 April in Panama City, Panama.

CMC staff and members met with parliamentarians from more than 70 countries that were participating in the Assembly including 24 Non-Signatory States, 30 Signatory States and 17 States Parties. CMC representatives handed out information and encouraged parliamentarians to join the CMC’s informal network – the Parliamentary Friends of the CMC – and advocate in support of the Convention.

CMC hosted two briefing on the Convention on Cluster Munitions chaired by Hon. Pete Hodgson, New Zealand MP and former Minister. Hodgson supported the CMC’s briefing at the last IPU meeting in Geneva in October 2010.

CMC delivered a statement in the general debate to over 800 parliamentarians and presented to the International Humanitarian Law (IHL) Committee. The IHL Committee report that was adopted in the plenary on the final day of the Assembly included text that reiterated “the need for continued ratification and implementation [of the Convention] and urged that the Convention be given the widest possible international support”.

For more information visit: or contact Kimberly Brown, CMC staff:

To view a web story on the ANZCMC website visit:



Australia: Campaigners ramped up the ‘fix the bill’ campaign on Australia’s draft legislation which will enable it to ratify the Convention on Cluster Munitions. The draft bill is expected to go before the Senate to be debated and adopted in May or June, but the draft legislation is weak and campaigners have been calling on the Australian government to make a number of changes to strengthen it in order to ensure that Australia will live up to its legal and humanitarian commitments. More than 20 civil society organizations and the ICRC made submissions with proposed amendments to the bill, none of which have been taken onboard.

Campaigners met with Liberal Senator Gary Humphries and sent information on concerns about the draft bill to 160 liberal politicians. Campaigners also reached out to colleagues in a number of countries to encourage parliamentarians from other countries to reach out to their counterparts in Australia and urge them to make amendments to the draft bill.  Media outreach secured a number of editorials by many high profile Australians that resulted in media coverage.  The CMC network was encouraged to promote the campaign via Facebook and Twitter using hash tags #fixthebill, #clusterbombs and #banclusterbombs.  An online petition was launched and can be found here:

Contact: Mette Eliseussen, CMC Australia:

Chile: On 28 March, President of the Senate Senator Guido Girardi invited Elir Rojas, Director of Centro Zona Minada, to report the latest information on cluster munitions, landmines and UXO in Chile at a joint press conference. Rojas and Senator Girardi called on the government to prioritise victim assistance and the demining of national parks.

On 13 April, Elir Rojas gave a presentation to the Chilean Senate’s Extreme Zone Commission on compliance with the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the Mine Ban Treaty. The one hour session was attended by ten senators who agreed to ask the Ministry of Defence for more information so to assess the future of landmine clearance in Chile.

Contact: Elir Rojas, Centro Zona Minada,

Hungary: On 24 March, Hungary organised a special event to mark the commencement of its cluster munition stockpile destruction process which Katherine Harrison participated in on behalf of the Cluster Munition Coalition. While Hungary has yet to complete its ratification of the Convention, the event communicated a positive signal that Hungary is moving ahead with its obligations under the Convention and set an example for others to follow in both starting the process of stockpile destruction without delay and in a transparent manner.

The event also portrayed the importance of the Convention on Cluster Munitions in the context of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) regional framework, in relation to OSCE Confidence and Security Building Measures and stockpile management and destruction initiatives. The majority of the participants at the event were military attachés to the OSCE in Vienna or with the OSCE Politico-military dimension, and nearly all were first-time participants to a Convention on Cluster Munitions event.

Representatives from over 40 states and organizations attended the event, including States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions and signatories Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Iceland, Malta, the Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the UK; along with eight non-signatories, Estonia, Finland, Poland, Romania, the Russian Federation, Slovakia, Turkey, and Ukraine. Representatives from the EU Politico-Military Group, OSCE Conflict Prevention Center, OSCE Forum for Security Co-operation, OSCE Small Arms and Light Weapons Coordinator, RACVIAC (Center for Security Cooperation, SE Europe), the IFRC, and AOAV/CMC also attended.

Hungarian Deputy State Secretary for Defence Policy, Mr. Peter Siklósi, the Head of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Security Policy Department, Ms. Eszter Sándorfi, and the Chair of the OSCE Forum for Security Cooperation, Ms. Ingibjörg Davíðsdóttir (also the Deputy Permanent Representative of the Icelandic Mission in Vienna,) made strong speeches in support of the Convention and the importance of transparency and stockpile destruction obligations.

The event itself featured demonstrations of manual dismantling of a KMG-U cluster munition containing 12 BKF-AO 2.5 submunitions and an RBK-250 cluster bomb, containing 42 PTAB 2.5M submunitions, along with demonstrations of EOD robots used for IED detection and removal, in a meticulously constructed model field camp outside of Budapest. The pinnacle of the day was the destruction of two batches of submunitions (both the AO 2.5 fragmentation and PTAB 2.5M HEAT submunitions), in two pits as participants looked on wearing Hungarian army helmets and standard issue eyeglasses.

While not announced during the event, Hungary has since confirmed that it has and will destroy the following:

• 17 pieces       RBK-250 cluster munitions, containing PTAB 2.5M submunitions
• 24 pieces       BKF cluster munitions, containing PTAB-2.5KO submunitions
• 248 pieces     BKF cluster munitions, containing AO-2.5 submunitions

The total stockpile amounts to nearly 4,000 submunitions. Hungary has pledged to destroy its entire stockpile by 30 June 2011.

To view a short video documenting the event visit:

Contact: Katie Harrison, AOAV.

India: The Indian Campaign to Ban Landmines & Cluster Munitions marked the International Day for Mine Awareness & Assistance in Mine Action with an evening event attended by civil society, politicians and policy makers. Those in attendance showed solidarity and urged the Indian government to join the Cluster Munition Convention and the Mine Ban Treaty. Participants lit candles to remember victims and to urge governments to assist victims.

On 13 April, Balkrishna Kurvey met with Julia G Bentley and Madhusri Das from the Canadian High Commission in New Delhi to discuss disarmament issues, in particular landmines and cluster munitions. The diplomats were briefed on the work of the Indian Campaign to Ban Landmines & Cluster Munitions and were urged to share information with the leaders in Canada on the eve of their national election.

Contact: Balkrishna Kurvey, Indian Campaign to Ban Landmines & Cluster Munitions,

Iraq: By invitation of the US human rights organisation Bridging the Divide, Iraqi Campaigner Moaffak Alkhfaji visited Washington DC from 2 to 10 April. He met with politicians, government officials and academics to discuss the needs of people with disabilities in Iraq. The influential figures he met included Senator Patrick Leahy, the second most senior US Senator who has been actively engaged on advocating for the US to join both the Mine Ban Treaty and the Convention on Cluster Munitions; Judith Heumann, Special Advisor for International Disability Rights at the Department of State; and Andy Imparato, Senior Counsel and Disability Policy Director for the US Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. Moaffak also gave a lecture at Middlebury University and an interview to Washington’s Alhurra TV.

Contact: Moaffak Alkhfaji,

Kenya: The Inter-Religious Council of Kenya has initiated a six-month project that aims to improve the welfare of 50 victims of unexploded ordnance in the town Isiolo and its surrounding area. While the project will focus on income generating activities for survivors, it will also include raising awareness in religious communities about their rights as disabled people, and mobilizing religious leaders to become advocates on their behalf.

Contact: Allison Pytlak, Religions for Peace,

Lao PDR: From 20 to 30 April, Religions for Peace, Norwegian Church Aid and Lao Buddhism for Development held a training session for 16 Buddhist monks and nuns on risk education, peer education and counseling. The end of the session, which was held in cooperation with the National Regulatory Authority, marked the completion of the training phase of the organisations’ two year project, which seeks to build the capacity of religious communities within Lao PDR to provide assistance to survivors and risk education.

Contact: Allison Pytlak, Religions for Peace,

Mozambique: During the last three months, FOMICRES has been developing a training manual for community activists which includes four modules on the Convention on Cluster Munitions; the Mine Ban Treaty; Small Arms and Light Weapons; and Violent Crime. As part of a pilot project funded by UNDP, two hundred community activists in the Gondola and Sussundenga districts of Manica province will start their training in the second week of May. The project will reach many more provinces in the future.

Contact: Albino Forquilha, FOMICRES,

New Zealand: In a letter to Thailand’s diplomatic representative in New Zealand, Ambassador Noppadon Theppitak, the Aotearoa New Zealand Cluster Munition Coalition (ANZCMC) has expressed deep concern at Thailand’s use of cluster munitions in its February 2011 border conflict with Cambodia and urged Thailand to join the Convention on Cluster Munitions without delay. The letter was sent in response to Thailand’s confirmation that it used Dual Purpose Improved Conventional Munitions (DPICM) cluster munitions and its claim that the weapon is not a cluster munition, a view strongly refuted by CMC.

For more information visit:

Contact: Mary Wareham, ANZCMC,

South Africa: On 16 April, South African campaigner Kenny Mabasa gave an interview on ETV Africa News’ coverage on the use of cluster munitions in Libya. There was also pick up by media as a result of CMCs and Human Rights Watch’s press releases.

Contact: Kennedy Mabasa,

Taiwan: On 22 April, Eden Social Welfare Foundation returned to Taipei Medical University for the second year running to give a lecture titled ‘The Role of ICBL and CMC in Promoting Global Human Rights – Global Civil Society’s Monitoring Mechanism’. More than thirty students and faculty staff members attended and were informed about the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the Mine Ban Treaty, and given updated campaign news. Eden staff Serena Chang and Paul Chun gave the lecture which started with a short presentation on promoting disability welfare both in Taiwan and abroad, addressed the humanitarian concerns that result from the use of cluster munitions and antipersonnel landmines, and included survivor’s accounts of the challenges they face. Emphasis was also given to the role of civil society in making a difference, specifically to the success of CMC and ICBL in bringing to fruition the Convention on Cluster Munitions and Mine Ban Treaty. Participants were encouraged to take an active role in civil society and signatures were collected declaring support for the global bans on cluster munitions and landmines.

Contact: Paul Chun, Eden Social Welfare Foundation,

Tajikistan: On 4 April, a celebration was held at the Mine Detection Dogs Centre in Rudaki district to mark the International Day of Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action. The event was supported by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and attended by representatives of state ministries and agencies, diplomatic missions, international organisations, NGOs and the media. Speakers included Asadullo Ghulomov, Deputy Prime Minister of Tajikistan and Chairman of the Commission for Implementation of International Humanitarian Law; Rastislav Vrbensky, UNDP Country Director; and Henry Zipper de Fabiani, French Ambassador to Tajikistan. The latter greatly emphasised the importance of the Convention on Cluster Munitions and advocated for the Tajik government to join the Convention. He further encouraged organisations to work towards a mine free Tajikistan and thanked the Tajik government for holding the event. Landmine survivor Shukhrat Kholmadov gave a closing speech on the importance of international and national support for victim assistance programmes in Tajikistan.

Contact: Aziza Hakimova, CMC/ICBL Tajikistan:

Uganda: Ugandan Landmine Survivors Association (ULSA), with the support of Mines Action Canada, organised a two day capacity building training exercise for seven youths in order to initiate a youth campaigner’s network in Uganda. The youths were selected from seven different mine affected districts and equipped with computer, leadership, advocacy and lobbying skills, which it is hoped will empower them to play active roles in Uganda’s ratification of the Convention on Cluster Munitions as well as the implementation of the Mine Ban Treaty. At the end of the workshop, the youth campaigners collectively established a local action plan to guide their activities for the following year. The action plan includes a goal for Uganda to complete ratification of the Convention on Cluster Munitions before the Second Meeting of States Parties in September 2011 and the completion of landmine clearance by August 2012.

Contact: Dorothy Osman, ULSA,

The seven young Ugandans alongside ULSA staff at the two day training session. Photo credit: Dorothy Osman

USA: On 11 April, to mark the International Day for Mine Awareness, PSALM (Proud Students against Landmines) travelled to Washington, D.C. to meet with Archbishop Pietro Sambi, the Holy See’s ambassador to the US. The students presented a “Mission Possible” t-shirt to the ambassador and gave a presentation that included photos taken during the First Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions field trip to Xieng Khouang province in Lao PDR that had been enlarged thanks to a grant from Mine Action Canada and ICBL. The PSALM students expressed their concern for children around the world affected by the devastation caused by cluster munitions and landmines and offered their assistance to the Holy See in the missions to ban both weapons, especially in the USA. The students also met with Senators Jay Rockefeller and Joe Manchin of their home state West Virginia and encouraged their support for the Cluster Munitions Civilian Protection Act and any future legislation concerning the ban of cluster munitions and landmines.

Contact: Nora D. Sheets, PSALM/WVCBL:

PSALM in front of the US Capitol Building during their trip to Washington, DC. Photo credit: Nora D. Sheets

Venezuela: As part of its campaign for Venezuela’s accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Amnesty International Venezuela has produced a short film that highlights the devastating effects of cluster munitions. The film is being produced to standards that will allow it to be screened in cinemas as well as on television and the web and will soon be made available online and promoted to the public.

Contact: Maya León, Amnesty International Venezuela,

Amnesty International Venezuela records a short film to use in its work campaigning for Venezuela’s Accession to the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Photo credit: Maya León

North America: Participants at the Religions for Peace North American Interfaith Youth Network retreat collectively wrote an advocacy letter to the Canadian government asking it to complete its ratification of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. Participants will now take copies of the letter back to their respective religious communities for signature before sending them. A similar letter was also drafted to the US government regarding its on-going review of its Mine Ban Treaty policy. The retreat, which was supported by Mines Action Canada, brought together 17 youths from a variety of religious backgrounds to explore the possibility of forming a new regional network and discuss how best to advance the Religions for Peace Arms Down! Campaign.

Contact: Allison Pytlak, Religions for Peace,



Stop Explosive Investments: 25 May action day

On 25 May the CMC is holding a Global Day of Action to Stop Explosive Investments.  On this day IKV Pax Christi and Netwerk Vlaanderen’s new version of the report “Worldwide investments in cluster munitions” will be launched in Brussels, Belgium.

Take part in this action day and call on governments to pass legislation to prohibit investment in cluster munition producers. The Global Day of Action will also be an opportunity to engage with the financial sector to encourage them to disinvest from companies involved in the production of cluster munitions and to work with government and civil society to put policies into practice.

Take Action on 25 May:

• Contact government officials and urge them to make a statement on this day committing to pass legislation to ban investments in cluster munition producers.
• Meet with members of parliament and urge them to table parliamentary questions on banning investments in cluster munition producers
• Meet with banks to urge them to develop a comprehensive policy against investment in cluster bomb producers
• Hold a press conference and/or issue a press release using the information from the updated report “Worldwide investments in cluster munitions”
• Plan a public action to raise awareness about investments in cluster munition producers

You can contact the authors of the updated report to find out about new research on investments in your country – Roos Boer (IKV Pax Chrsiti) and Esther Vandenbrouke (Netwerk Vlaanderen)

Information on the Global Day of Action can be found here Materials will be made available for the action day including: updated template letters to governments and parliamentarians, template statements for governments, a campaign leaflet and an updated disinvestment campaign guide.

Please contact the CMC to share information about your plans for the Global Day of Action to Stop Explosive Investments.

Contact: Kimberly Brown, CMC staff:



1 August 2011: Celebrate the first anniversary of the Convention on Cluster Munitions’ entry into force

On 1 August 2011, the CMC will mark the first anniversary of the Convention’s entry into force with campaign actions worldwide, calling on all states to accede to, ratify and implement the Convention on Cluster Munitions and will mark this day with a sports theme.
Campaigners are encouraged to organise or participate in sporting events including sports events for people with disabilities, as a way of celebrating the anniversary of the Convention’s entry into force and urging governments to join and implement the Convention.
A logo and campaign slogan on this theme will be developed that can be used throughout 2011 and in particular on the 1 August campaign action day. An action alert on this day of action will soon be shared with the campaign. We welcome your input and ideas on a campaign slogan.
Further information and campaign materials will be made available on in the coming months.

Contact: Kimberly Brown, CMC staff: 

Urge your government to or ratify or accede to the Convention on Cluster Munitions

The Cluster Munition Coalition (CMC) is calling on signatories to ratify the Convention and on non-signatories to accede to the Convention.

Contact: Laura Cheeseman, CMC staff:



Media overview

There was a high level of media coverage throughout the month of April regarding both incidences of cluster munition use in Libya in particular and also by Thai forces in Cambodia (see stories in international news section for more information). Media coverage of Australia’s weak draft implementation legislation continued from March into April.

Contact: Kimberly Brown, CMC staff,

Media highlights of the month

Associated Press (global newswire), 21 April 2011
Clinton: Gadhafi may be using cluster bombs

Journal do Brasil (Brazil), 18 April 2011 (12:36)
Franco-atiradores e bombas de fragmentação aterrorizam cidade líbia de Misrata

Moqawama (Lebanon), 17 April 2011
Medals and Trophies, After Football Game between the Resistance, Cluster Bomb Wounded Victims

Reuters (Global newswire), 16 April 2011
Tripoli denies use of cluster bombs

El Mundo (Spain), 16 April 2011 (13:22)
Gadafi ataca a civiles con bombas de racimo fabricadas en España

BBC (UK), 16 April 2011 (13:07)
Libya conflict: Gaddafi ‘cluster bombing Misrata’

Al Jazeera, 15 April 2011
Gaddafi forces ‘cluster bombing Misurata’

The New York Times (USA), 15 April 2011
Qaddafi Troops Fire Cluster Bombs into Civilian Areas

The Bangkok Post, 9 April 2011
Anti-munitions group takes aim at Thailand cluster bomb denial

Agence France-Presse (France/global newswire), 7 April 2011
Thailand admits controversial weapon use

Xinhua (China), 7 April 2011
CMC condemns any use of cluster munitions

Voice of America Khmer Service (USA/Cambodia), 7 April 2011
Group confirms cluster bomb use by Thailand

The Bangkok Post (Thailand), 7 April
Thailand ‘used cluster munitions’

Money Management (Australia), 7 April 2011
Keeping Investment Ethical

EFE (Spain), 6 April 2011
Tailandia admite que empleó bombas de racimo contra Camboya, según ONG

TFI News (France), 6 April 2011
La Thaïlande aurait utilisé des sous-munitions contre Cambodge

The Age (Australia), 5 April 2011
Canberra drags its feet over cluster bombs

The Bangkok Post (Thailand), 4 April 2011
Cluster bomb claim denied



2011 Global, regional and national dates

May 24-26: Regional workshop on Victim Assistance, Tajikistan (Elke/Camille)
May 25: Global Day of Action to Stop Explosive Investments
Jun. 20-24: Mine Ban Treaty intersessional meetings in Geneva, Switzerland
Jun. 27-30: Convention on Cluster Munitions intersessional meetings in Geneva
Jul.: African Union meeting
Aug.: Iraqi Alliance for Disabilities annual conference in Baghdad (Muoffak)
Aug. 1: Convention on Cluster Munitions 1st anniversary of EIF
Aug. 12: Remembrance action and one-month countdown to 2MSP
Sep. 7-9: Convention on Rights of Persons with Disabilities 4th conference in NY
Sep. 12-16: Convention on Cluster Munitions 2nd MSP in Beirut, Lebanon
Sep. 21: International Peace Day
Oct: First Committee (disarmament) of 66th UN General Assembly in NY
Nov. 14-25: Convention on Conventional Weapons 4th Review Conference in Geneva
Nov. 28-Dec. 2:  Mine Ban Treaty 11th MSP in Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Dec: International Conference on AIDS in Africa incl. CRPD in Ethiopia (Daniel)
Dec. 3:  International Day of Persons with Disabilities
Dec. 3: Three-year anniversary of the Convention on Cluster Munitions Signing Conference
Dec. 10: Human Rights Day 2011